Imam Abu Hanifah and the Atheist

Long ago in the city of Baghdad, there was a Muslim empire. On one side of the River Tigris were the royal palaces and on the other side was the city. The Muslims were gathered in the Royal Palace when an athiest approached them. He said to them, ‘I don’t believe in God, there cannot be a God, you cannot hear Him or see Him, you’re wasting your time! Bring me your best debator and I will debate this issue with him.’

The best debator at the time was Imam Abu Hanifah Rahimullah. A messenger from amongst the Muslims was sent over the River Tigris to the city, where Abu Hanifah Rahimullah was, in order to tell him about the athiest who was awaiting him. On crossing the River Tigris, the messenger conveyed the message to Abu Hanifah Rahimullah saying, ‘Oh Abu Hanifah, an athiest is waiting for you, to debate you, please come!’ Abu Hanifah Rahimullah told the messeneger that he would be on his way.

The messenger went over the River Tigris once again and to the Royal Palaces, where everyone including the athiest awaited the arrival of Abu Hanifah Rahimullah. It was sunset at the time and one hour had passed, but Abu Hanifah Rahimullah still hadn’t arrived. Another hour had passed, but still there was no sign of him. The Muslims started to become tense and worried about his late arrival. They did not want the athiest to think that they were too scared to debate him, yet they did not want to take up the challenge themselves as Abu Hanifah Rahimullah was the best of Debators from amongst the Muslims. Another hour passed, and suddenly the athiest started laughing and said, ‘ Your best debator is too scared! He knows he’s wrong, he is too frightened to come and debate with me. I gurantee he will not turn up today.’

The Muslims increased in apprehension and eventually it had passed midnight, and the athiest had a smile on his face. The clock ticked on, and finally Abu Hanifah Rahimullah had arrived. The Muslims inquired about his lateness and remarked, ‘Oh Abu Hanifah, a messenger sent for you hours ago, and you arrive now, explain your lateness to us.’

Abu Hanifah Rahimullah apologises for his lateness and begins to explain, while the atheist listens to his story.

‘Once the messenger delivered the message to me, I began to make my way to the River Tigris, and on reaching the river bank I realised there was no boat, in order to cross the river. It was getting dark, and I looked around, there was no boat anywhere nor was there a navigator or a sailor in order for me to cross the river to get to the Royal Palaces. I continued to look around for a boat, as I did not want the athiest to think I was running away and did not want to debate with him.

I was standing on the river bank looking for a navigator or a boat when something caught my attention in the middle of the river. I looked forward, and to my amazement I saw planks of wood rising to the surface from the sea bed. I was shocked, amazed, I couldn’t believe what I saw seeing. Ready made planks of wood were rising up to the surface and joining together. They were all the same width and length, I was astounded at what I saw.

I continued to look into the middle of the river, and then I saw nails coming up from the sea floor. They positioned themselves onto the boat and held the planks together, without them being banged. I stood in amazement and thought to myself, ‘Oh Allah, how can this happen, planks of wood rising to the surface by itself, and then nails positioning themselves onto the boat without being banged?’ I could not undertsand what was happening before my eyes.’

The athiest meanwhile was listening with a smile on his face. Abu Hanifah Rahimullah continued, ‘I was still standing on the river bank watching these planks of wood join together with nails. I could see water seeping through the gaps in the wood, and suddenly I saw a sealant appear from the river and it began sealing the gaps without someone having poured it, again I thought, ‘Ya Allah, how is this possible, how can sealant appear and seal the gaps without someone having poured it, and nails appear without someone having banged them.’ I looked closer and I could see a boat forming before my eyes, I stood in amazement and was filled with shock. All of a sudden a sail appeared and I thought to myself, ‘How is this happening, a boat has appeared before my eyes by itself, planks of wood, nails, sealant and now a sail, but how can I use this boat in order to cross the river to the Royal Palaces?’ I stood staring in wonderment and suddenly the boat began to move. It came towards me against the current. It stood floating beside me while I was on the river bank, as if telling me to embark onto it. I went on the boat and yet again it began to move. There was no navigator or sailor on the boat, and the boat began to travel towards the direction of the royal palaces, without anyone having programmed it as to where to go. I could not understand what was happening, and how this boat had formed and was taking me to my destination against the flow of water. The boat eventually reached the other side of the River Tigris and I disembarked. I turned around and the boat had disappeared, and that is why I am late.’

At this moment, the athiest brust out laughing and remarked, ‘Oh Abu Hanifah, I heard that you were the best debator from amongst the Muslims, I heard that you were the wisest, the most knowledgable from amongst your people. From seeing you today, I can say that you show none of these qualities. You speak of a boat appearing from nowhere, without someone having built it. Nails positioning themselves without someone having banged them, sealant being poured without someone having poured it, and the boat taking you to your destination without a navigator against the tide, your taking childish, your talking rediculous, I swear I do not belive a word of it!’

Abu Hanifah Rahimullah turned to the athiest and replied, ‘You don’t believe a word of it? You dont believe that nails can appear by themselves? You dont believe sealant can be poured by itself? You dont believe that a boat can move without a navigator, hence you don’t believe that a boat can appear without a boat maker?’

The athiest remarked defiantly, ‘Yes I dont believe a word of it!’

Abu Hanifah Rahimullah replied, ‘If you cannot believe that a boat came into being without a boat maker, than this is only a boat, how can you believe that the whole world, the universe, the stars, the oceans, and the planets came into being without a creator?

The athiest astonished at his reply got up and fled.

Transcribed from a lecture delivered by Shaykh Ahmad Ali.


  • Ahmat atta

    Wonderful story, really the best debater ever. May Allah blessed him. yes, Islam is the truth, but need who show it wisely.

  • very educative story specially for those who does not believe in the existence of Allah and for those as well who outwardly believe Allah controlls all activities but as matter of facts they don’t follow the commandments of Allah.

  • mashallah- tuchingg storyy

  • Saad

    I also meet some atheists in my daily life.These people have gone a step forward now they challenge the creation of earth the sun and the whole universe ,after hawking’s rdiculous ideas.

  • Saad

    I want to convince them that they are following the wrong lines,kindly help me in this endeavor.Any one please post some links or the pearls of wisdom as above.Thanks in advance.

  • khan asadullah khan aurakzai

    hi be a proud to follower of imamiabuhanifa rahmatullahi alaihi
    most wonderfull story of our imam
    asalam at him

  • Abdu Shams

    Alhamdulillah dis is work of ALLAH. May He cont to guide us with a clear undts of islam, couse He guide Abu Hanifah to convey the message that our lord really exist in a simple logic. Rahimullah

  • lailaha illala

    this story shows the power of allah.
    allah’s power is limited.
    he can do anything.
    he created the walk a pon.
    the we breathe

  • Aminah Said


    beautful .

  • Timothy W. Crane

    I am thankful for this article and others like it. The main reason I like them is not so much for the fact of refuting the theology (or anti) of the atheist, but to elucidate the fact that one who claims not to believe in God, having never claimed Islam, is not to be put to the sword as many ignorant believe, but to be debated in the best of manners. The one who does not confess is not an apostate, and one who is not a threat to the welfare or the people or the state is not offered kital or conversion by even the most knowledgeable of scholars of the time many would describe as the heyday of Islamic conquest.

  • Illham jamali

    Lol at timothy crane. Anyways, the main message is still the same, that is that Humans project their awe of the unknown into believing a God. There simply is absolutely no way to prove the existence of god as it rests solely upon belief. In fact even from an Islamic theological standpoint there are two main points to remember:
    1) God does not exist within the universe
    2) God is known through faith, not reason

    Consequently, trying to argue that God’s existence is empirical is a futile attempt, most likely arousing from both the demonization of Muslims due to geopolitical agendas and also, the inherit tendency of human beings to justify/rationalize traditional beliefs as we grow older. Point is fellas, get educated and challenge your traditions. Dont seal yourselves up in controlled, homogenous communities and seek a diverse fleet of friends and most importantly, travel.

    • Emad Shahid

      What is the opposite of intelligence? Is the antonym expressively stated to be brain dead more or less?

      Can something brain dead create the universe? Can a rock do anything by itself?

      We know intelligence can create design and patterns, and that a will can cause change but can the opposite of intelligence cause change?

      What is the catalyst of change when it comes to ontology?

      Does a dead heartbeat change if nothing can act on it? Can the state of existence that is a dead heartbeat change to a living heartbeat without cause?

      Can the cause be anything than a living will?

  • Yusuf

    Mashallah. One of the greatest ulama of the time and the leader of the Hanafi Madhaab. Nice story I love it.

  • Aamir Bashir

    It is really amazing to read this staunch event of the greatest IMMAM, it is removed my misconception and advanced me in my faith and belief in Allah, may Allah have mercy on the greatest Immam : a soul with divine inspiration .


  • Isha

    Masha allah…it’s really good one… No 1 can dare to question a Muslim …a true one

  • Sajjad


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