Imām Tirmidhī relates in his sunnan that on the Day of Judgement a person will not shift until they have been questioned about five things: 1. Where did they while away their age? 2. How did they spend their youth? 3. Where did they acquire their wealth? 4. How did they spend their wealth? 5. How did they act on the knowledge that was given to them?
The key points of this ḥadīth are the first two questions, relating to how a person spends their time and more specifically how they spent their youth. We are often conscious of how we generate our wealth and spend it, however our time is a free commodity given to us by Allāh which we will also be questioned about.
Sayyiduna Khuraym ibn Fatik رضي الله عنه narrates: Nabee صلى الله عليه وسلم said: (as part of a longer narration)
“Whomsoever intends doing a good deed, his heart is set on carrying it out and Allah Ta’ala is aware that he wants to carry it out, then Allah Ta’ala will record for him one good deed”
The above narration explains that a person will be rewarded merely for having a firm intention to carry out a good deed, although he has not carried it out yet. When he carries it out, he will be rewarded tenfold as Allah Ta’ala mentions:
“Whosoever carries out a good deed, will receive ten times as much”
Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said:
“Friday is the best of days. It was on this day that Hadrat Aadam alayhis salaam was created, it was on this day that he was granted entry into jannah, it was on this day that he was removed from jannah (which became the cause for man’s existence in this universe, and which is a great blessing), and the day of resurrection will also take place on this day.”
On one Friday, Rasulullah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “O Muslims! Allah Ta’ala has made this day a day of eid . So have a bath on this day, whoever has perfume should apply it, and use the miswaak. ” (Ibn Majah)
Sayyiduna Thawban رضي الله عنه narrates: Nabee صلى الله عليه وسلم said:_
Soon people will invite each other plotting against you like how a person eating invites others to share their dish.
Someone asked: ‘Will that be because of our small numbers at that time’?
Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: No, you will be many at that time, but you will be scum like that carried down by a flood, and Allah will take away the awe and fear of you from the chest of your enemy and cast ‘wahn’ into your hearts.
Someone asked: ‘What is wahn’?_
Nabee صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: ‘Love of the world and dislike of death’.
Fasting is a shield for a person which protects them from Shaytan, Allah’s punishment and Jahannam. However, one needs to make sure the shield is not damaged in any way. Otherwise it will not be effective in doing its job. The actions that damage this shield and render it useless are sins like Backbiting, Lying, Evil Glance, Swearing, Nonsensical Conversation, Arguments, Slander, Haram Sustenance, and every other evil.
Besides the compulsory fasting in the month of Ramadan, one should try to fast during those days for which Rasoolullah (صلي الله عليه و سلم) has mentioned many rewards, for example: